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Addendum 1:

Kansas Employment First Oversight Commission
2018 Recommendations Statement

The Kansas Employment First Oversight Commission was established as part of the Employment First Initiative Act in 2011 and amended in 2013 (K.S.A. 44-1136 et seq., as amended). The law establishes Employment First as the official policy of the State of Kansas. The purpose of this law is to increase the number of Kansas residents with disabilities who are employed in competitive and integrated settings. All state agencies and their programs and services must ensure that competitive and integrated employment is the first option when serving people with disabilities.

As part of the law, the Kansas Legislature established a seven-member oversight commission to make recommendations to ensure the effective and proper implementation of this act. All state agencies are required to “fully cooperate with and provide data and information to assist the Commission in carrying out its duties.” The Commission has the ability to issue this annual report to the Governor and Legislature.

The Kansas Employment First Oversight Commission applauds the important progress made by the State of Kansas regarding the planning necessary to engage in systems change which we believe will result in significant improvement in the employment outcomes of Kansans with disabilities. In particular, the Commission wishes to note that a Disability Employment Workgroup has been meeting and carrying out tasks which hold the promise of real and meaningful improvement in this area. The Disability Employment Workgroup was established by Governor Brownback’s Subcabinet on Disability and is made up of employees of the Kansas Department of Commerce, Kansas Department of Health & Environment (including the Working Healthy Program), Kansas Department of Corrections (including the Employment Initiatives program), Kansas Department of Aging and Disability Services (including Managed Care), Kansas Commission on Disability Concerns and the Kansas Department for Children and Families (including the Vocational Rehabilitation, Temporary Aid to Needy Families (TANF) and Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) employment programs.) As just a few examples, the Commission would like to note that the Disability Employment Workgroup has been working on issues such as cross-agency data sharing, funding realignment and incentivizing rates in order to better fulfill the promise of the Employment First law. Additionally, the Disability Employment Workgroup’s plan is that each state agency will review program policies and procedures to determine whether they are consistent with youths and adults with disabilities obtaining and maintaining integrated employment at competitive wages. When this is not the case, the plan is that each agency will develop an action plan to revise policies and procedures that are inconsistent with the law establishing Employment First as the official state policy.

The Commission is impressed with the depth of interagency collaboration taking place with the Disability Employment Workgroup. The Commission has previously recommended that this type of cross-agency collaboration is needed in order to obtain meaningful and positive systems change with this issue. As part of this interagency collaboration, the Subcabinet on Disability and decision makers from the highest levels of state government have been engaged. This Cabinet-level buy-in is critical to improving the employment outcomes of Kansans with disabilities.

The Commission also wishes to acknowledge and commend the State of Kansas for the Disability Employment Workgroup, which has conducted stakeholder engagement with numerous different disability groups. This engagement is important and is to be lauded. Having top government leaders and decision-makers in the State of Kansas engage in meaningful cross-disability stakeholder engagement in a systems change planning process to improve the employment outcomes of Kansans with disabilities has been a key recommendation of the Employment First Oversight Commission since our first recommendations dating back to 2011. The Commission commends the stakeholder engagement which has occurred and encourages even further engagement in the future.

As the Commission noted in its 2016 report, many of the studies and reports generating proactive ideas to improve employment outcomes of Kansans with disabilities have been completed. These reports and recommendations agree with and reinforce each other. As we did in our 2016 and prior reports, the Commission wants to stress that action and positive systems changes are needed in order to deliver on the promise of the Employment First law. The Commission is optimistic that the combination of the good work of the Disability Employment Workgroup, the Subcabinet on Disability, meaningful collaboration with stakeholders across all disabilities, state agencies’ efforts to make improvements, and the implementation of existing ideas and recommendations from stakeholders to make positive changes (for example: the Developmental Disabilities Coalition of Kansas, the original Employment First Workgroup, the Big Tent Coalition, the Kansas Council on Developmental Disabilities and the past recommendations of this Employment First Oversight Commission) are leading the way to effective systems change. We believe the time is right for concrete, measurable action steps with published timelines to be developed and shared publically, with the full engagement of stakeholders, which will lead to activities and systems changes to create significant improvements in creating an environment in which Kansans with disabilities are competitively employed in integrated settings. We believe that given the positive actions and progress of the Disability Employment Workgroup and Subcabinet on Disability, the time is right to better deliver on the promise of the Employment First law.

The Employment First Commission also notes that Kansas law is clear that competitive integrated employment must be the first option. Kansas law defines competitive employment as “work in the competitive labor market that is performed on a full-time or part-time basis in an integrated setting; and for which an individual is compensated at or above the minimum wage, but not less than the customary wage and level of benefits paid by the employer for the same or similar work performed by individuals who are not disabled.” Kansas law defines an integrated employment setting to mean “with respect to an employment outcome, a setting typically found in the community in which applicants or eligible individuals interact with non-disabled individuals, other than non-disabled individuals who are providing services to those applicants or eligible individuals, to the same extent that non-disabled individuals in comparable positions interact with other persons.” With this Kansas law as the backdrop, the Commission believes there should be strict adherence to the state definitions of competitive employment and integrated employment. As one example, even though the final settings rule from Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) speaks about the need to have people with disabilities served in the “most” integrated setting, Kansas law places a clear preference that the first option must be true both fully integrated and fully competitive, not just the setting that is the “most” integrated for the individual. The Commission highlights this as an issue because when Kansas implements policy changes, it needs to ensure that it looks at and adheres to the Kansas Employment First law as well.

The Commission acknowledges that Employment Systems Change Coalition conducted an extensive survey regarding employment and Kansans with disabilities. The Commission will review the survey results and suggests that others review it as well.

The Commission wants to note that positive progress has been made by state agencies regarding individual initiatives and programs previously listed as examples of progress in our 2015, 2016 and 2017 reports. Below is a listing of those initiatives. Additionally, the Commission includes the attached supplement which goes into much greater detail about the initiatives listed below (see attached 2018 Recommendation Supplement). The Commission relied on the agencies and entities on the front lines overseeing and implementing these initiatives to write the narrative for the attached 2018 Supplement document. The Commission presents these write-ups in the 2018 Supplement as they were presented by these agencies and entities, without edits or changes. The attached 2018 Supplement goes into greater detail about the following individual initiatives and projects:

  • Project Search
  • Sedgwick County and Kansas City Business Leadership Networks (BLNs)
  • Developmental Disabilities Systems Change Grant
  • Disability Employment Initiative
  • Integrated Resource Teams
  • Career Pathways
  • Outreach/WIOA Enrollment
  • Postsecondary Education and Training
  • SACT Microsoft Word Certification and Customer Service Training
  • “Pathways for Success”
  • KDHE/MCO/Workforce DEI Pilot
  • Subcabinet on Disability / Disability Employment Workgroup
  • Executive Order 15-02 Employment practices for veterans and disabled individuals
  • Kansas Bidders Preference Program
  • State Web sites and Technology
  • Federal Contractor/Subcontractor Expectations (Department of Labor regulations implementing Section 503 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, at 41 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 60-741)
  • Temporary Aid to Needy Families (TANF) Employment Services and the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) GOALS program
  • End-Dependence Kansas
  • Pre-Employment Transition Services (Pre-ETS)
  • Kansas Department for Aging and Disability Services Behavioral Health Services
  • Home and Community-Based Services (HCBS) Settings Rule Transition Planning
  • Initiatives of Managed Care Companies under KanCare
  • Transition Transformation Workgroup
  • Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA) Implementation and Planning
  • Employment Systems Change Coalition’s engagement process
  • KDHE KanCare 2.0 Proposed Employment Initiatives


The Members of the Employment First Oversight Commission are:

Rocky Nichols, Chair
Senator Dan Kerschen
Barney Mayse
Bob Hull
Michael Donnelly
Shelia Nelson-Stout
Steve Gieber

For more detailed information, click here for an addendum to this report:

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